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History at a Glance: 1984 Hikoi March

In 1984 the Waitangi Action Committee, the New Zealand Māori Council, the Māori Women’s Welfare League, Te Kotahitanga and the Kīngitanga (Māori King movement) organised a hīkoi (march) to Waitangi to protest Waitangi Day celebrations. These kotahitanga movements ranged from the old to the new. The Kīngitanga was established in 1858, the Māori Women’s Welfare League was founded in 1951, and the Waitangi Action Committee was, at the time, a contemporary movement.

Ref:  Basil Keane. ‘Kotahitanga – unity movements – Kotahitanga movements in the 20th and 21st centuries’, Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 16-Nov-12,

 http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/photograph/33600/hikoi-to-waitangi

Photograph by Ans Westra Photography

Te Ara, the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, © Crown Copyright 2005 – 2012 Ministry for Culture and Heritage, New Zealand.

URL: http://www.teara.govt.nz/

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